However between and the Sikh community experienced sectarianism and no centralized authority apart from that arranged under British rule from Timeline of drafting and approval[ edit ] March A general meeting of the SGPC was held on 15 March , to establish a subcommittee with the task of producing a draft Code of Conduct. The subcommittee at the time consisted of 29 high-profile Sikhs,  listed by name in the Introduction to the Sikh Rehat Maryada. October — January A preliminary draft was circulated to Sikhs in April , for comment. During this time the number of subcommittee members present at meetings reduced, and other people were listed as present. Of the four who were exited, one had died and another was excommunicated.
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However between and the Sikh community experienced sectarianism and no centralized authority apart from that arranged under British rule from Timeline of drafting and approval[ edit ] March A general meeting of the SGPC was held on 15 March , to establish a subcommittee with the task of producing a draft Code of Conduct. The subcommittee at the time consisted of 29 high-profile Sikhs,  listed by name in the Introduction to the Sikh Rehat Maryada.
October — January A preliminary draft was circulated to Sikhs in April , for comment. During this time the number of subcommittee members present at meetings reduced, and other people were listed as present. Of the four who were exited, one had died and another was excommunicated. On 1 October , the sub-committee submitted its report to the Secretary, SGPC, recommending a special session of the SGPC be convened to consider the final draft and approve it for acceptance.
Only nine attendees where members of the original sub-committee, and the conclave ultimately failed to reach an agreement. Principal points[ edit ] The Sikh Rehat Maryada addresses key issues such as the definition of a Sikh, personal and communal obligations such as meditation and volunteer service, rules for gurdwara services to include appropriate music and festivals, and the conduct of assorted Sikh ceremonies. One is the adherence to a personal discipline and the development of a strong family life.
The other is the involvement in communal life and to ensure community well-being and infra-structure for support of the weak within the community local and globally. This is the practical aspect of the three pillars of Sikhism promoted by Guru Nanak called Wand kay Shako share what you eat or have. To remember God at all times and to recite his name whenever possible.
Naam Simran Seek only the support of the Almighty Lord before beginning any new task or venture. Promote the family way of life giving time to children in an active way so as to ensure their proper awareness of the Sikh way of life.
To live humbly and with love in an extended family group encouraging Gurmat principles and offering moral support within this extended structure. Seva — Undertake free voluntary service within the community at Gurdwaras, community projects, hospitals, old peoples homes, nurseries, etc. To positively support weaker members within the community. Disciplined life — The Sikh is commanded by the Gurus to lead a disciplined life and to not follow blindly rituals and superstitions which bring no spiritual or material benefit to the person or community.
Follow the teachings of the Sri Guru Granth Sahib Do not eat meat that has been slaughtered in a ritualistic way Kutha meat and refrain from using all forms of intoxicants. Alcohol and tobacco is strictly prohibited. To practice and promote complete equality between the genders, castes, races, religions, etc. Communal life[ edit ] The Sikh has a duty to actively contribute to the community outside the family unit. Time needs to be given to the greater Sikh community and the even wider world community.
It is the duty of the Sikh to hold a continuous dialogue with all members of the larger community, to treat them as equals, and respect their religions and their customs.
Meditating and scriptures[ edit ] Sikhs engage in personal and communal meditation, Kirtan and the study of the holy Scriptures. Meditating and understanding of the Guru Granth Sahib is important to the development of a Sikh. One should not only study Gurmukhi and be able to read Gurbani but also understand the meaning of the text. Translations and other material may be used to assist the Sikh. Congregation and scripture[ edit ] It is believed that a Sikh is more easily and deeply affected by Gurbani when engaged in congregational gatherings.
For this reason, it is necessary for a Sikh to visit Gurdwaras , the places where the Sikhs congregate for worship and prayer. On joining the holy congregation, Sikhs should take part and obtain benefit from the joint study of the holy scriptures. Kirtan[ edit ] Sikhs, though anyone with correct pronunciation and understanding of Gurbani who desires to take part in the congregation, perform Kirtan Spiritual hymn singing in a congregation and only hymns Shabads from the holy scriptural compositions in traditional musical measures should be sung.
It is improper to sing Kirtan to rhythmic folk tunes or popular film tunes. Akhand Paath and Sadharan Paath[ edit ] Akhand Paath : Is the non-stop reading of the Guru Granth Sahib carried on during difficult times or during occasions of joy and celebration.
The reading takes approximately forty eight hours of continuous and uninterrupted reading by a relay of skilled Gurbani readers. The reading must be done in a clear voice and with correct and full pronunciation. Reading the Gurbani too fast, so that the person listening in cannot follow the contents, is discouraged and is considered as disrespect for the Scriptures and the congregation Sangat.
Sadharan Paath : This is a non-continuous reading of the Guru Granth Sahib and one can take from seven days to many months to complete the full reading of the Anga of the text. The important Sikh festivals that are celebrated are: Gurpurbs — birthday and other important anniversaries martyrdom, etc.
Belief in One God Equality of All the Human race Respect for All, irrespective of gender, age, status, color, caste, sexual orientation, etc. Self-Control — Kill the Five Evils ; no rituals or superstitions; no gambling, tobacco, alcohol, intoxicating drugs, etc.
ਸ੍ਰੀ ਅਕਾਲ ਤਖ਼ਤ ਸਾਹਿਬ ਦੀ ਅੱਠ ਪਹਿਰੀ ਮਰਯਾਦਾ
Individual or personal and 2. Altruistic voluntary service. Meditating on Naam Divine Substance and Scriptures 1. Sodar Rehras comprising the following compositions:- i nine hymns of the Guru Granth Sahib, occuring in the holy book after the Japuji Sahib, The Phrase in Italic has been interpolated by the translator to help locate the hymns more conveniently. The Sohila - to be recited at night before going to bed. The morning and evening recitations should be concluded with the Ardas formal supplication litany.
This document is the Official Sikh Code of Conduct. There were a number of attempts in the eighteenth century following the death of Guru Gobind Singh to produced an accurate portrayal of Sikh conduct and customs. These attempts were inconsistent with many of the principles of the Gurus and were not accepted by the majority of Sikhs. Starting early this century in an attempt was made by the Shromani Gurudwara Parbandhak Committee S. These efforts involved the greatest Sikh scholars and theologians of this century who worked to produce the current version.