The consensus standard for robots RIA Both ISO standards have been adopted. Draft RIA R The draft breaks these into two parts. Part 1 is specifically directed to the robot manufacturer, and Part 2 covers the integration and use of these robots.
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Unimate, a pound robotic arm, transported die castings from an assembly line and welded these parts onto auto bodies at a GM assembly line in New Jersey. Science fiction tends to emphasize the nature of robots that deviates only slightly from the initial interpretation of the machines: autonomous, humanoid, and obsessed with the annihilation of humankind.
In reality, robots are far less sinister. Over the past half-century of their existence, industrial robots have supported the economy by enhancing production and reducing costs. Furthermore, robots are often utilized for tasks that would have been impossible, impractical, or unsafe for humans to conduct. In fact, the original industrial robot, Unimate, was designed for one such purpose. By transporting die castings from an assembly line and welding them onto auto bodies, Unimate carried out a process that would have poisoned workers by exhaust gas or severed one of their limbs.
Due to this and an assemblage of related reasons, industrial robots have long been practical components of industrial workplaces. As robotics developed, industrial robots found their usage extend far beyond that of just the automotive industry. Today, they are applied for a plethora of purposes in rubber and plastics industry, electronics, and food and beverage, among many other industries. In fact, 90 percent of all robots in operation today are found in factories and similar facilities.
Instead, safety concerns lie with the installation, operation, and maintenance of industrial robots. It also features a section specific to their integration.
Overall, the standard identifies provisions associated with actuating controls, robot stopping functions, speed control, collaborative operation, singularity protection, axis limiting, lifting, and electrical connectors, among many other topics. Each year, tens of thousands of new robots are installed in factories, and this number keeps growing. In fact, during the first nine months of , 27, orders of robots were sold in North America.
The benefits of industrial robots are nothing new. Factors like decreased production costs, improved quality and reliability, reduced waste, increased safety, and an overall improvement to ROI have long encouraged automation. However, the amount of active industrial robots is certainly growing, and, with factors like smart manufacturing on the horizon, the dependency on robotics is likely strengthen as the years pass by. Smart manufacturing systems are fully integrated, collaborative manufacturing systems that respond in real time to meet challenging demands and conditions in the factory, supply network, and consumer needs.
Smart manufacturing has been labeled, by many, to be the Fourth Industrial Revolution, or Industry 4. In utilizing the Internet of Things IoT to improve industrial productivity, smart manufacturing encompasses a range of factors and devices. As these processes become ever more prominent, robotics,as the actual devices that carry out manufacturing tasks, will continue to be seminal to production.
At the present, just as for the past fifty years and likely for the foreseeable future, industrial robots are a practical means of making manufacturing and production efficient, safe, and affordable. Posted Under.
Industrial Robots Make Production Safe and Efficient
ANSI/RIA R15.06 in Revision
RIA: Robotic Industries Association
ANSI/RIA R15.06-2012- The industrial robot safety standard