Redemption in Birchat HaChama The blessing of the sun takes place in Nisan because this was the position of the sun at creation , but there is much more to the timing then meets the eye. The Talmud tells us that Nisan is the month of redemption. Eliezer says: In Tishri the world was created; in Tishri the Patriarchs were born; in Tishri the Patriarchs died; on Passover Isaac was born; on New Year Sarah, Rachel and Hannah were visited; on New Year Joseph went forth from prison; on New Year the bondage of our ancestors in Egypt ceased; in Nisan they were redeemed and in Nisan they will be redeemed in the time to come. Thus it is no accident that Birchat HaChama is performed in the month of our redemption. Birchat HaChama is a part of our redemption.
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Abaye answers: every 28 years This explanation provided by Abaye is based on a ruling of Shmuel also mentioned in the Talmud:  Shmuel stated: The vernal equinox occurs only at the beginning of one of the four quarters of the day, either at the beginning of the day or at the beginning of the night, or midday or midnight.
The summer solstice only occurs at either at the end of 1. The autumnal equinox only occurs at the end of 3 or 9 hours of the day or the night.
The winter solstice only occurs at the end of 4. The duration of a season of the year is no longer than 91 days and 7. This term, quoted from the above-mentioned Beraita , is explained by the Chofetz Chaim as referring to the point in time at which the Sun returns to the start of its cycle, similar to when it was created. Because Jewish law considers the time unit of a day to span from evening to evening,  the beginning of the halachic fourth day, so to speak, is on Tuesday evening at sundown.
The year cycle therefore begins and ends at the point in time when the Sun was created, this being sundown on Tuesday. Despite the rigorous calculations that follow, there is no synchronization of this prayer and the actual astronomical point in time when the sun crosses the celestial equator; the symbolism is no different than a situation in which the molad for Tishrei would fall out by day on a Sunday and Rosh Hashanah falls out on Monday.
The vernal equinox[ edit ] As explained in the Talmud , there is a tradition that the Sun was created in its vernal equinox position at the beginning of the springtime Jewish lunar month of Nissan. Because both the Julian calendar and Jewish tradition define a solar year as exactly In summary, Birkat Hachama is recited when the halachic vernal equinox the position at which the Sun was created occurs at sundown on a Tuesday the time at which the sun was created.
The solar calendar[ edit ] This method of marking the cycle of machzor gadol that is, using the 25th of March was invalidated in when the Julian calendar was replaced by the Gregorian calendar by decree of Pope Gregory XIII. The calendar was adjusted to allow for Easter to be celebrated in the appropriate time according to an agreement reached at the First Council of Nicaea in CE. To recalibrate the calendar, two adjustments were made: Ten days were removed in order to compensate for the incorporation of excess days since the establishment of the Julian calendar.
A method to avoid further incorporation of excess days was put into place, whereby February 29 would be skipped according to a particular algorithm. The last day of the Julian calendar was Thursday, 4 October and this was followed by the first day of the Gregorian calendar, Friday, 15 October.
Thus, while the halachic vernal equinox occurred on March 25 until , in it occurred on April 4 of the new Gregorian Calendar. However, the Jewish calendar was in no need of such a modification, and remained uninfluenced by it. As a result, the halachic vernal equinox has been shifting slightly forward in the Gregorian year ever since In , the halachic vernal equinox was on April 4 In , the halachic vernal equinox was on April 5 In , the halachic vernal equinox was on April 6 In , the halachic vernal equinox was on April 7 In , the halachic vernal equinox was on April 7 In , the halachic vernal equinox will fall on April 8 In , the halachic vernal equinox will fall on April 9 In , the halachic vernal equinox will fall on April 10 The halachic equinox usually jumps a day every century because the algorithm that established the Gregorian calendar dictates that leap years do not occur in years divisible by , unless also divisible by Jewish law, however, provides no means for changing the established calendar until such a time as the Sanhedrin might be reconvened, and compensates for it by moving the date of the equinox almost every century.
There was no shift between and , however, because of the exception regarding years divisible by ; thus, the year did contain a February 29 and no compensation was necessary. The halachic year of This means that any given date will, three times out of four, appear a day later in the calendar week in a subsequent year. For example: July 3, was on Sunday July 3, was on Monday July 3, was on Tuesday July 3, was on Wednesday July 3, , however, was on a Friday and not a Thursday because the six hours that accrued over each of the four years effectively adds another calendar day i.
Halacha maintains that the Sun was created in the position of the vernal equinox immediately after sundown on the fourth day of the week of Creation, which is equivalent to sunset on Tuesday of that week. This is somewhat similar to a solar leap year occurring every 4 years to account for the four quarter days that accrued at a rate of a quarter day per year. Although the proper time for the blessing would be at sundown on Tuesday April 7, the Sun is no longer visible at sundown; the blessing is therefore delayed until the following morning.
The year cycle is based on a solar year of The Hebrew calendar itself uses a solar year of See also Hebrew calendar: Accuracy. How the date is calculated[ edit ] This table represents a week with all the 24 hours marked and labeled by the "planet", actually a celestial light in direct translation, which corresponds to them according to the ancient geocentric model of "planet" order.
Then we follow with all the six other "planets" Jupiter , Mars , Sun, Venus , Mercury , and Moon and repeat the order until all the hours of the week have a "star" assigned to them.
YWN PRESENTS BIRCHAS HACHAMA 5769 PHOTOS AROUND THE GLOBE
Makora Following a controversial article on COLliveit seems like the Gaboim of are making a gesture towards compromise. Birkat HaChama falls on erev Pesach, Passover eve. Birchas Hachama in Uruguay To recalibrate the calendar, two adjustments were made:. Your general health and well-being will be better too. As explained below, the blessing is recited on the morning after the Sun completes its cycle; ideally, it should be recited at sunrise,  referred to in Jewish law as haneitz hachammah. Therefore, a year is assumed to be haxhama weeks and 1 day and 6 hours Will you just shut up and be respectful for the sake of Unity? This method of marking the cycle of machzor gadol that is, using the 25th of March was invalidated in when the Julian calendar was replaced by the Gregorian calendar by decree of Pope Gregory XIII.
Needs cleanup[ edit ] At the moment, this article editorializes and goes off on quite a few tangents. Anyone wanna take responsibility for cleaning it up? I decided to just revert it and be done with it. I corrected the inaccuracies, but perhaps could not do anything about the other problems.