Biografia[ modifica modifica wikitesto ] Manuel Federico Carlo Carnevali nacque a Firenze il 4 dicembre in via Montebello 11, da Tullio Carnevali Lugo di Romagna, , ragioniere-capo di prefettura, e da Matilde Piano Torino, Nel Emanuel vinse una borsa di studio del Collegio Marco Foscarini di Venezia e vi trascorse quasi due anni, prima di esserne espulso. Come racconta lui stesso nel suo romanzo Il primo dio, scritto in inglese e tradotto in italiano dalla sorellastra Maria Pia figlia di suo padre e della nuova moglie per i continui litigi con il padre che lui considerava autoritario e troppo reazionario, decise di emigrare negli Stati Uniti nel , a soli 16 anni. Dimenticato dalla critica e dal pubblico, ha lasciato un piccolo, ma tagliente e forte segno nella letteratura americana del Novecento. Sherwood Anderson si ispira a lui quando scrive il racconto Italian Poet in America Le sue poesie vengono pubblicate dalla rivista "Poetry Magazine", fondata nel e diretta da Harriet Monroe - e di cui diventa lui stesso, per un breve periodo, vicedirettore.
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In Carnevale won a scholarship to the prestigious College Marco Foscarini of Venice and spent nearly two years, before being expelled. In he entered the Pier Crescenzi Technical Institute of Bologna, where he studied under literary critic and narrator Adolfo Albertazzi. This relationship with the teacher, while not completely peaceful, for Carnivale represented an initial confirmation of his literary vocation.
As he himself says in his novel The First God written in English and translated into Italian by his half-sister Maria Pia, daughter of her father and his new wife , after continuing quarrels with his father whom he considered too authoritarian and reactionary, he decided to emigrate in the United States in at just 16 years of ge.. His life from then until was split between New York and Chicago, in the beginning without knowing a word of English and exercising odd jobs — dishwasher, grocery boy, waiter, cleaner floors, snow shoveller — and experiencing hunger, abject misery and privations of all sorts.
In time, he learned the language in part by reading commercial signs in New York , he began to write and send verses in all the magazines he knew. Initially rejected, his poems began to be published as and Emanuel to be known in the literary, becoming friends with several poets, including Max Eastman rd - th , Ezra Pound , Robert McAlmon - 1 , and William Carlos Williams who mentione Carnevali in his Autobiography of Forgotten by critics and the public, he has left a small but sharp and strong mark in t20th-century American literature.
While living in near poverty, going from job to job, and from love to love, attending prostitutes and thugs, he managed to participate, as a foreigner, to the renewal of the literary American era. Sherwood Anderson inspired him when writing the story "Italian Poet in America. His poems were published by the magazine Poetry , founded in and directed by Harriet Monroe , and of which he became himself, for a short time, an associate editor.
He was the author of short stories Tales of an Hurried Man , then left New York and Emilia Valenza, the girl originally from Piedmont who married in and lived with him in the then infamous "East Side" of Manhattan, to leave in Chicago, where he lived in hardship translating and collaborating in "Others. He died on 11 January in the Neurological Clinic of Bologna, mockingly muffled by a mouthful of bread.
Two days later he was buried in the Certosa cemetery in Bologna. The autobiographical novel The first god was published posthumously in , edited by Maria Pia Carnevale.