The book shows how the constitution has been a socially revolutionary and modernizing force. This volume is essential reading for scholars and students of law and political science, as well as those interested in the making of contemporary India. The ideals were national unity and integrity and a democratic and equitable society. The new society was to be achieved through a social-economic revolution pursued with a democratic spirit using constitutional, democratic institutions. I later came to think of unity, social revolution, and democracy as three strands of a seamless web.
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Austin was an independent scholar and political historian who wrote two of the seminal works on the constitution of India, and garnered esteem enough in the Republic of India to receive its fourth-highest civilian honor, the Padma Shri Award, in Free of nearly a century of British rule, India created a Constituent Assembly to draft the constitution between late and The Constituent Assembly adopted the constitution on November 26, , and the document became effective on January 26, , declaring India a sovereign democratic republic, and resolving to secure justice, liberty, and equality to its citizens and to promote fraternity among them.
With a degree from Dartmouth College in , he began his career as a photographer and journalist for a local Vermont-New Hampshire newspaper. He joined the U. Embassy in Beirut, Lebanon. Austin left Beirut to study at Oxford, and his graduate thesis would become his first book, The Indian Constitution: Cornerstone of a Nation, published in Granville Austin at the U.
Information Agency office, Saigon, s. According to Austin, the Constituent Assembly followed no coherent scheme for keeping records of its historic meetings, nor did existing records appear in public archives—so it was through persistent legwork that Austin gained access to primary sources.
Austin wrote to and met with Prime Minster Jawaharlal Nehru, who gave him access to private papers of Constituent Assembly members and records of Assembly debates. Correspondence, Once again Austin spent time living in India, and used his network to gain access to private papers and to conduct hundreds of personal interviews with politicians and judges in particular, as well as undertaking archival research at the Nehru Memorial Museum and Library, among others.
In between the two books on India, Austin had returned to government service. The collection includes material from this period as well, such as State Department correspondence and memos on the region, and material for articles Austin wrote on the Middle East independently during the s.
Papers of Granville Austin, noted scholar of Indian constitution, now available
Aug 18, Karthik rated it it was amazing Book thoroughly documents how the constituent assembly with the help of lawmakers and various other experts drafted various parts of the constitution Fundamental rights, directive principles, executive, judiciary, federalism, language provisions to name a few. I took my own sweet time to read this as this is a very heavy read. Reading the book one understands why various provisions exist in the constitution as it is today. You will also see that many of the prominent figures Nehru, Patel, Book thoroughly documents how the constituent assembly with the help of lawmakers and various other experts drafted various parts of the constitution Fundamental rights, directive principles, executive, judiciary, federalism, language provisions to name a few. You will also see that many of the prominent figures Nehru, Patel, Ambedkar, Prasad to name a few wield enormous influence but they never forgo consensus and accommodation two prominent features of the constitution making process to enforce their will. None of the important parts of the constitution was decided based on majority.
The Indian constitution: cornerstone of a nation
ISBN 13: 9780195649598