TIREOIDITE DE HASHIMOTO PDF

Estas pueden ser las siguientes: Una prueba hormonal. Una prueba de anticuerpos. Pero la prueba de anticuerpos de TPO no es positiva en todas las personas con tiroiditis de Hashimoto. Muchas personas tienen anticuerpos de TPO presentes, pero no tienen bocio, hipotiroidismo u otros problemas. Si necesitas medicamentos, es probable que debas tomarlos el resto de tu vida. Efectos de otras sustancias Determinados medicamentos, suplementos y algunos alimentos pueden afectar tu capacidad de absorber la levotiroxina.

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There are many possible causes of thyroiditis see Thyroiditis brochure. It is an autoimmune disorder involving chronic inflammation of the thyroid. This condition tends to run in families. Over time, the ability of the thyroid gland to produce thyroid hormones often becomes impaired and leads to a gradual decline in function and eventually an underactive thyroid Hypothyroidism. The thyroid gland is a butterfly-shaped endocrine gland that is normally located in the lower front of the neck.

Thyroid hormones help the body use energy, stay warm and keep the brain, heart, muscles, and other organs working as they should. TPO is an enzyme that plays a role in the production of thyroid hormones.

Hypothyroid symptoms may include fatigue, weight gain, constipation, increased sensitivity to cold, dry skin, depression, muscle aches and reduced exercise tolerance, and irregular or heavy menses. In some cases, the inflammation causes the thyroid to become enlarged goiter , which rarely may cause neck discomfort or difficulty swallowing. TPO antibody, when measured, is usually elevated. Occasionally, the disease may be diagnosed early, especially in people with a strong family history of thyroid disease.

TPO antibody may be positive, but thyroid hormone levels may be normal or there may only be isolated mild elevation of serum TSH is seen. Symptoms of hypothyroidism may be absent. Patient with only a slightly elevated TSH mild hypothyroidism may not require medication and should have repeat testing after months if this has not already been done.

For patients with overt hypothyroidism elevated TSH and low thyroid hormone levels treatment consists of thyroid hormone replacement see Thyroid Hormone Treatment brochure. Synthetic levothyroxine taken orally at an appropriate dose, is inexpensive, very effective in restoring normal thyroid hormone levels, and results in an improvement of symptoms of hypothyroidism.

Finding the appropriate dose, particularly at the beginning, may require testing with TSH every weeks after any dose adjustment, until the correct dose is determined. After that, monitoring of TSH once a year is generally sufficient.

When levothyroxine is taken in the appropriate dose, it has no side effects. However, when an insufficient dose is taken, serum TSH remains elevated and patients may have persistent symptoms of hypothyroidism see Hypothyroidism brochure. If the dose is excessive, serum TSH will become suppressed and patients may develop symptoms of hyperthyroidism or have other side effects see Hyperthyroidism brochure.

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Tireoidite

Sonographic appearance of focal thyroiditis. Scintigraphic features of autoimmune thyroiditis. Radiographics full text - Pubmed citation 3. Micronodulation: ultrasonographic sign of Hashimoto thyroiditis. J Ultrasound Med. J Ultrasound Med abstract - Pubmed citation 4. Sonographic features of Hashimoto thyroiditis in childhood.

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