Posted in: Pukhtoon. Leave a comment The Pashtuns also Pushtun , Pakhtun , ethnic Afghan , or Pathan are an ethno-linguistic group of people, living primarily in eastern and southern Afghanistan , the Khyber Pukhtoonkhwa Province, and small communities in India. The total population of the group is estimated at ca. Pashtun culture is ancient and much of it is yet to be recorded in contemporary times. There are many conflicting theories, some contemporary, some ancient, about the origins of the Pashtun people, both among historians and the Pashtun themselves. According to most anthropologists, the Pashtuns appear to be primarily of Aryan descent similar to the Persians, Kurds and Tajiks.
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The Pashtuns are characterized by their indigenous code "religion" of honor and culture, Pashtunwali pakhtunwali. The total population of the group is estimated at ca. Pashtun culture is ancient and much of it is yet to be recorded in contemporary times. There are many conflicting theories, some contemporary, some ancient, about the origins of the Pashtun people, both among historians and the Pashtun themselves.
According to most anthropologists, the Pashtuns appear to be primarily of Aryan descent similar to the Persians, Kurds and Tajiks. The Pashtuns have eastern Iranian origins as the Pashto language is classified as an eastern Iranian tongue distantly related to Ossetic among other Iranian languages. There are more mythological and romanticized origins for the Pashtuns. This reference is in line with the commonly held view by Pashtuns that when the twelve tribes of Israel were dispersed Israel and Judah, Lost Ten Tribes , the tribe of Joseph among other Hebrew tribes settled in the region.
What may be the case is that the Pashtuns have been modified by various invaders, while maintaining their eastern Iranian base both linguistically and genetically overall. The Pashtuns are intimately tied to the history of modern-era Afghanistan. He founded the state, as we know it today, in and the Pashtuns would rule it for the next years.
Retrieved 10 September Pashtun is one of the bravey nation in the world and have big heart and very intellegent but for the good hospitility people can call him cleverless. Upkhtoon are also significant Pashtun diaspora communities in the cities of Sindh and Punjab in Pakistan, in particular Karachi and Lahore. Tappa has up to 16 different models of harmony and is being sung with full orchestra. Retrieved 15 March Others became famous in sports e.
HISTORY OF PUKHTOON PDF
The desire of communal life emanates from a consideration of economic security and integrity. All the family members, even the married sons, live jointly in a house large enough to separately accommodate each married couple under the authority of the father who, as head of the family, manages the family affairs and exercises an immense influence in his own domain. All the earning hands of the family, married as well as un-married sons, contribute their share of income to the common pool of resources. All expenses on food, clothing, education, health, birth, marriages and deaths are defrayed from this common fund. The system of Nikat ancestral line which regulates the shares of losses and gains, debts and liabilities of each family, is the mainstay of Pukhtoon society. The internal management of the household rests with the mother who exercises her authority within her own sphere of influence.
Teran The Pashtuns remain a predominantly tribal people, but the trend of urbanisation has begun to alter Pashtun society as cities such as Kandahar, Peshawar, Quetta and Kabul have grown rapidly due to the influx of rural Pashtuns. Retrieved 2 June It has been hisyory defficult experience for pashtoons these past four decades of foriegn interuptions and civil war in Afghanistan. I recently learned from DNA testing hiztory I have Pashtun ancestry, and this article have me quite a lesson in their rich culture and traditions. Pashtun culture The language has ancient origins and bears similarities to extinct languages such as Avestan and Bactrian. The patrilineal definition is based on an important orthodox law of Pashtunwali which mainly requires that only those who have a Pashtun father are Pashtun. The lives of Pashtun women vary from those who reside in conservative rural areas, such as the tribal beltto those found in relatively freer urban centres.
Khan Districts. The Khattak tribe of the well known warrior-poet Khushal Khan Khattak is also one of the well known tribes of Peshawar and Kohat border. Khawaja Niamatullah describes them as descendants of Jews, connecting them with the lost ten tribes of Israel. A number of orientalists like H. Bellew, Sir William Jones and Major Raverty have also subscribed to this view on the basis of Pukhtoon physiogonomy, and the striking resemblance of facial features between Pukhtoons and Jews.