JOHN KEATS ODE TO PSYCHE PDF

Indeed, his illness was so acute that his friend and confidant Severn, who nursed him through the worst of the illness, wrote that Keats would sometimes wake up, and sob to find himself still alive, he was in so much pain. Ode to Psyche Summary The myth of Cupid and Psyche was the first of his odes, although it was only published a year later. Throughout, the staple Keatsian imagery of imagination, mythology, and sensuality reign supreme. The story of Cupid and Psyche goes as thus: there was once a king and queen who had three beautiful daughters.

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Background[ edit ] Keats was never a professional writer. At the age of 23, Keats left the hospital, losing his source of income, in order to devote himself to writing poetry.

The early products of this effort included La Belle Dame sans Merci and "Ode to Psyche", the first of a series of odes that he would write that year. It is uncertain as to when the poem was actually completed, [1] but Keats sent the poem to his brother on 3 May with an attached letter saying, "The following poem, the last I have written, is the first and only one with which I have taken even moderate pains; I have, for the most part, dashed off my lines in a hurry; this one I have done leisurely; I think it reads the more richly for it, and it will I hope encourage me to write other things in even a more peaceable and healthy spirit.

After reading the work and realizing that the myth was established during the twilight of Roman mythology, Keats wrote to George: [3] "You must recollect that Psyche was not embodied as a goddess before the time of Apuleius the Platonist who lived after the Augustan age, and consequently the Goddess was never worshipped or sacrificed to with any of the ancient fervour—and perhaps never thought of in the old religion—I am more orthodox than to let a heathen Goddess be so neglected. As such, the poem is an experiment in the ode structure that he was to then rely on for his next five odes.

Although Keats spent time considering the language of the poem, the choice of wording and phrasing is below that found within his later works, including Hyperion or the odes that followed. Also, he did not want the poem to be based simply around that message, so he incorporated narrative elements , such as plot and characters, along with a preface to the poem.

Of these additions, the use of a preface was discontinued in his next odes along with the removal of details that describe setting within the poems; they would only be implied within later odes. Ridley disputes that Keats favours Petrarch and claims that the odes incorporate a Shakespearean rhyme scheme. The use of rhyme does not continue throughout the poem, and the lines that follow are divided into different groups: a quatrain, couplets, and a line on its own.

These are then followed by a series of twelve lines that are modelled after the Shakespearean sonnet form, but lack the final couplet. The next lines are of two quatrains, with cddc rhyme, followed by two lines that repeat the previous rhymes, and then a final quatrain, with efef rhyme.

Cupid, instead, falls in love with her, but he could only be with her in the cover of darkness in order to disguise his identity. Psyche begins to search after Cupid, and Aphrodite forces her to perform various tasks before she could be united with her love. After nearly dying from one of the tasks, Cupid asks Zeus to transform Psyche into a goddess so the two can be together.

His Psyche true! In the fourth stanza, the narrator emphasizes the internal when he describes how he is inspired by Psyche: [14] O brightest! His imagination allows him to join with both the natural and supernatural elements of Psyche, and his form of worship is within himself while "Ode to Psyche" the poem serves as a song in praise of the goddess. The narrator becomes the prophet for Psyche and says in the final stanza: [15] Yes, I will be thy priest, and build a fane In some untrodden region of my mind, Where branched thoughts, new grown with pleasant pain, Instead of pines shall murmur in the wind: [12] — lines 50—53 In the conclusion of the poem, the narrator metaphorically says that he will expand his consciousness, which would allow him to better understand both the good and the bad of the world.

However, the narrator questions if he was able to see them at all or if he was dreaming. However, the temple dedicated to the goddess within his mind does not yet exist. Yet the extreme beauty quenches every dissatisfaction. The beginning of this ode is not so good, and the middle part is midway in excellence. This may be another way of saying that it is the most architectural of the odes, as it is certainly the one that culminates most dramatically.

But finding the poem so elusive, we return to it only after we know the others far better. If we had hope to use them as keys, we discover they do not quite fit the lock. Meanwhile they have given us a standard hard to equal. But the itch for novelty has encouraged a few critics to suggest that the poem, in some dark but fundamental way, has more to it as a whole than do the later odes.

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John Keats

Background[ edit ] Keats was never a professional writer. At the age of 23, Keats left the hospital, losing his source of income, in order to devote himself to writing poetry. The early products of this effort included La Belle Dame sans Merci and "Ode to Psyche", the first of a series of odes that he would write that year. It is uncertain as to when the poem was actually completed, [1] but Keats sent the poem to his brother on 3 May with an attached letter saying, "The following poem, the last I have written, is the first and only one with which I have taken even moderate pains; I have, for the most part, dashed off my lines in a hurry; this one I have done leisurely; I think it reads the more richly for it, and it will I hope encourage me to write other things in even a more peaceable and healthy spirit.

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Ode to Psyche by John Keats; An introduction, annotations & summary

In the span of a few months, he wrote the five odes upon which his reputation is based. Ode to Psyche was the second ode, written after the Ode on Indolence. Most critics, however, dismiss Ode on Indolence as weaker and less successful than the five odes which followed. Ode to Psyche was first published in The original version of this ode is found in the famous spring journal-letter from Keats to his brother George. Keats typically wrote a running commentary to George and his wife Georgiana in America, then loosely grouped the pages together as one long letter. The goddess sent her son Eros Cupid to Psyche, commanding him to make her fall in love with the ugliest person on earth.

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